Language Communication

Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction - download pdf or read online

By Geoffrey L.J. Haig

ISBN-10: 3110195860

ISBN-13: 9783110195866

The Iranian languages, because of their unparalleled time-depth of attestation, represent one of many only a few cases the place a shift from accusative alignment to split-ergativity is admittedly documented. but remarkably, inside of old syntax, the Iranian case has bought purely very superficial insurance. This e-book offers the 1st in-depth therapy of alignment swap in Iranian, from outdated Persian (5 C. BC) to the current. the 1st a part of the publication examines the declare that ergativity in center Iranian emerged from an outdated Iranian agented passive development. This view is rejected in favour of a thought which hyperlinks the emergence of ergativity to exterior ownership. therefore the first mechanisms concerned isn't really reanalysis, however the extension of a pre-existing development. The concept of Non-Canonical Subjecthood performs a pivotal function, which within the current account is associated with the semantics of what's termed oblique Participation. within the moment a part of the e-book, a comparative examine modern West Iranian is undertaken. it may be proven that in the course of the next advancements within the morphosyntax, unique parts reminiscent of contract, nominal case marking, or the grammar of cliticisation, actually built remarkably independently of each other. It was once this de-coupling of sub-systems of the morphosyntax that resulted in the infamous multiplicity of alignment varieties in Iranian, a undeniable fact that additionally characterises past-tense alignments within the sister department of Indo-European, Indo-Aryan. besides facts from greater than 20 Iranian languages, offered in a fashion that renders them available to the non-specialist, there's wide dialogue of extra normal themes equivalent to the adequacy of sensible bills of alterations in case structures, discourse strain and the function of animacy, the inspiration of go with the flow, and the query of alignment in early Indo-European.

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Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction Grammar Approach (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology [EALT]) by Geoffrey L.J. Haig

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